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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC

UNIVAC is the name of a line of electronic digital stored-program computers starting with the products of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. Later the name was applied to a division of the Remington Rand company and successor organizations. The descendants of the UNIVAC line continue today as products of the Unisys company. UNIVAC is an acronym for UNIVersal Automatic Computer.

J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly built the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering between 1943 and 1946. A 1946 patent rights dispute with the university led Eckert and Mauchly to depart the Moore School to form the Electronic Control Company, later renamed Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. That company first built a computer called BINAC (BINary Automatic Computer) for Northrop Aviation (which was little used, or perhaps not at all). Afterwards began the development of UNIVAC. UNIVAC was first intended for the Bureau of the Census, which paid for much of the development, and then was put in production.

With the death of EMCC's chairman and chief financial backer Harry L. Straus in a plane crash on October 25, 1949, EMCC was sold to typewriter maker Remington Rand on February 15, 1950. Eckert and Mauchly now reported to Leslie Groves, the retired army general who had managed the Manhattan Project. Remington Rand had its own calculating machine lab in Norwalk, Connecticut, and later bought Engineering Research Associates (ERA) in St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1953 or 1954 Remington Rand merged their Norwalk tabulating machine division, the ERA "scientific" computer division, and the UNIVAC "business" computer division into a single division under the UNIVAC name. This severely annoyed those who had been with ERA and with the Norwalk laboratory.

The most famous UNIVAC product was the UNIVAC I mainframe computer of 1951, which became known for predicting the outcome of the U.S. presidential election the following year. This incident is particularly infamous because the computer predicted an Eisenhower landslide when traditional pollsters all called it for Adlai Stevenson. The numbers were so skewed that CBS's news boss in New York, Mickelson, decided the computer was in error and refused to allow the prediction to be read. Instead they showed some staged theatrics that suggested the computer was not responsive, and announced it was predicting 8-7 odds for an Eisenhower win (the actual prediction was 100-1). When the predictions proved true and Eisenhower won a landslide within 1% of the initial prediction, Charles Collingwood, the on-air announcer, embarrassingly announced that they had covered up the earlier prediction.

In 1955 Remington Rand merged with Sperry Corporation to become Sperry Rand. The UNIVAC division of Remington Rand was renamed the Univac division of Sperry Rand. General Douglas MacArthur was chosen to head the company. In the 1960s, UNIVAC was one of the eight major American computer companies in an industry then referred to as "IBM and the seven dwarfs" — a play on Snow White and the seven dwarfs, with IBM, by far the largest, being cast as Snow White and the other seven as being dwarfs: Burroughs, Univac, NCR, CDC, GE, RCA and Honeywell. In the 1970s, after GE sold its computer business to Honeywell and RCA sold its to Univac, the analogy to the seven dwarfs became less apt and the remaining small firms became known as the "BUNCH" (Burroughs, Univac, NCR, Control Data, and Honeywell).

Around 1975, to assist "corporate identity" the name was changed to Sperry Univac, along with Sperry Remington, Sperry New Holland, etc. In 1978 Sperry Rand, an old fashioned conglomerate of disharmonious divisions (computers, typewriters, office furniture, hay balers, manure spreaders, gyroscopes, avionics, radar, electric razors), decided to concentrate on its computing interests and unrelated divisions were sold. The company dropped the Rand from its title and reverted back to Sperry Corporation. In 1986, Sperry Corporation merged with Burroughs Corporation to become Unisys.

Since the 1986 marriage of Burroughs and Sperry, Unisys has metamorphosed from a computer manufacturer to a computer services and outsourcing firm, competing in the same marketplace as IBM, Electronic Data Systems (EDS), and Computer Sciences Corporation. Unisys continues to design and manufacture enterprise class computers with the ClearPath and ES7000 server lines.

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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX71900-9 CentrExchNewsl#9 Jun56
Topics: ooooo, routine, set, subroutine, store, program, aoooo, matrix, san, general dynamics, ooooo ooooo,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX1790 unicodCmpTecV2 Apr61
Topics: symbol, routine, word, output, list, exit, sentence, call, jump, variable, call word, temporary...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: cms-2 :: CMS-2Y Programmers Reference Manual for the AN UYK-7 and AN UYK-43 Oct86
Topics: data, type, declaration, procedure, numeric, code, block, keyword, function, source, language...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX71900-10 CentrExchNewsl#10 Dec56
Topics: ooooo, aoooo, routine, subroutine, address, matrix, storage, floating, program, san, ooooo ooooo,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: uss :: Univac7900Service
Topics: signal, output, gates, signals, input, instruction, circuit, gate, function signal, input gates,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: UP-9207 Rev2 system80 OS3 IMS COBOL Assembler Action Programs ProgGuide Mar90
Topics: action, pic, program, output, message, ims, cobol, input, transaction, code, action program, output...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX1790 unicodCmpTecV1 Apr61
Topics: set, exit, symbol, routine, tape, alarm, list, address, variable, block, call word, set exit, level...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: ntds :: NTDS Training 1965
Topics: output, data, input, circuit, computer, instruction, circuits, sequence, memory, data systems,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX71900-8 CentrExchNewsl#8 Feb56
Topics: routine, subroutine, ooooo, san, flip, parameter, model, octal, exit, general dynamics, parameter...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX1790 unicodCmpTecV3 Apr61
Topics: temp, address, list, routine, operand, buffer, advance, file, callword, tape, expanded list,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac2 :: UnivacII Programming 1957
Topics: data, instruction, cell, computer, automation, item, tape, figure, transfer, automation system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: exec :: UP-4144 1108 Executive Reference Manual 1966
Topics: file, executive, control, univac, program, statement, reference, system, request, user, mass...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: ntds :: PX2846 CP-642B TechDescr Jul63
Topics: data, input, computer, output, peripheral, external, request, interrupt, equipment, function,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: System80 OS3 TPS Vol1 7002 3981-100
Topics: command, program, user, screen, format, file, transaction, display, fse, terminal, screen format,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: 1218 :: PX2910 Univac1218PgmrRef Nov69
Topics: tape, program, address, input, output, computer, data, magnetic, operation, trim, magnetic tape,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac 60 120 :: TM-1038 UNIVAC 60 120 Programming
Topics: step, wired, program, selector, select, columns, column, storage, accumulator, decimal location,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: UP-8604 1100-80 4x4progRef
Topics: storage, instruction, interrupt, byte, address, channel, status, processor, segment, data,...
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 494 :: PrelimOMEGADesignMan Mar66
Topics: control, code, storage, address, module, routine, buffer, handler, unit, function, function code,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: datapro :: 70C-780-12 8403 Sperry 1100 60
Topics: system, data, processor, communications, disk, model, sperry, storage, processing, interface,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac2 :: UnivacII SupplMaint Apr59
Topics: circuit, chassis, output, voltage, signal, input, power, figure, schematic, pulse, power supply,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac3 :: UnivacIII LogicDesrc Mar62
Topics: instruction, memory, signal, ccr, instructions, data, contents, adder, operand, block diagram, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: 7831 5702-100 DCP Series DCP-OS OpRefMan MAR93
Topics: file, command, program, commands, mode, system, dump, error, dcp, format, mode commands, demand...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1050 :: UP-2590 1050ref 1962
Topics: instruction, operation, address, program, interrupt, character, univac, tape, field, tape unit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1005 :: Univac 1005 Extended System Programmers Reference Manual Apr68
Topics: instruction, punch, character, program, characters, saal, field, operand, univac, paper tape, saal...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: datapro :: 70C-780-16 8311 Sperry 1100 90
Topics: processor, data, system, disk, sperry, communications, control, storage, interface, uniservo,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: exec :: UP-4144.31 R35r1 Executive System Vol 3 1978
Topics: element, file, program, sperry, univac, processors, volume, segment, control, update, sperry...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: exec :: UP-4144.23 R36r2 Executive System Vol 2 Jan80
Topics: control, file, executive, univac, program, sperry, exec, user, system, storage, sperry univac,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: datapro :: 70C-780-13 8312 Sperry 1100 70
Topics: processor, system, data, disk, communications, sperry, storage, control, model, dual, block...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: UP-9972 Rev2B System80 OS3 IS OpGuide Nov91
Topics: command, workstation, file, job, commands, specifies, screen, system, enter, tiie, job control,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 490 :: UP-3900 SPURT refMan 1963
Topics: word, program, spurt, tape, operation, address, univac, data, error, binary, bit positions, central...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: an uyk-7 :: UX5073 AN UYK-7 Brochure 1970
Topics: modules, memory, jump, univac, data, controller, processor, processing, module, modular, central...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: 1218 :: 1218 Brochure
Topics: univac, skip, store, ext, enter, computer, jump, military, programming, masked, military computer,...
The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX18 1103A Progr Sep56
Topics: instruction, computer, operation, tape, instructions, address, external, iob, control, execution,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: GS3577 Sperry Type Number Directory Jan85
Topics: hardware, supplied, type, storage, system, control, disk, processor, includes, requires, type...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: System80 Model8-20 OG 7004 5208-00
Topics: xxx, system, command, job, device, console, error, parameter, onuerl, format, xxx xxx, main...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: BT3200-Series MagTapeSubsystem MaintMan Sep88
Topics: check, error, tester, byte, mtu, mtc, field, tape, set, remove, field tester, error code, sense...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: Defense Systems Division Product Information Jan72
Topics: memory, univac, computer, tape, characteristics, control, functional, magnetic, volume, power,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: datapro :: 70C-780-02 8404 Sperry System 80
Topics: system, model, data, requires, disk, processor, storage, sperry, workstation, control, main...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: UP-11907 Rev1 System80 OS3 IMS ProgGuide Jan90
Topics: ims, file, keyword, parameter, terminal, specifies, transaction, data, configurator, input, keyword...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: cp-890 :: PX-4292 CP-890 Military Computer Feb67
Topics: memory, univac, program, buffer, input, control, store, instruction, enter, military computer,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: 7831 5728-410 DCP-Series Telcon OpRefMAn May95
Topics: command, parameters, osi, nms, node, telcon, commands, file, ics, ilm, required parameters,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: 1219 :: PX5010 1219B TechDescr
Topics: execution, output, microseconds, interrupt, instruction, control, computer, memory, input, program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: ntds :: PX1493 NTDS ProgrammersGuideVol2 Mar61
Topics: tape, computer, mtu, program, control, data, function, utility, output, unit, external function,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac 60 120 :: GMS-1011TM UNIVAC 60 120 Service Manual 21
Topics: pulse, plate, decimal, low, voltage, high, grid, negative, cathode, trigger, negative pulse,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1050 :: PX2608 1050 CoreMaint Sep64
Topics: circuit, pulse, output, memory, inhibit, current, stack, voltage, timing, processor, memory unit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac3 :: UP-2559 UNIVACIII SALT 1962
Topics: program, salt, file, segment, tag, address, source, routine, item, coding, uni vac, source program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: UP-8492 1100-80 pgmRef
Topics: storage, instruction, byte, status, interrupt, channel, address, processor, subchannel, data,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac1 :: UNIVAC1 Programming 1959
Topics: instruction, data, cell, computer, item, block, memory, tape, transfer, delinquent account, account...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX71871 ERA103vol2sec4
Topics: signal, operation, sequence, pulse, initiate, storage, circuit, magnetic, control, relay,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: History and Evolution of 1100 2200 Mainframe Technology Nov90
Topics: memory, logic, circuit, technology, core, lsi, magnetic, chip, semiconductor, printed, printed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: UP-4053r1 1108prog
Topics: instruction, storage, control, interrupt, contents, input, esi, field, output, main storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: 1230 :: PX3892 Programming Manual for 1230 Computer Feb66
Topics: output, operation, program, tape, operand, input, external, instruction, computer, external...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 9x00 :: UP-7673 9300diskSysInslPlan
Topics: file, disc, program, data, record, processing, conc, univac, system, est, systems design, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: datapro :: 70C-877-11 7303 UNIVAC 1100
Topics: univac, storage, data, system, series, processor, control, uniservo, operating, disc, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: 5074 8494 Disk Subsystem OG UP-11626
Topics: xxx, system, command, job, device, console, error, parameter, onuerl, format, xxx xxx, main...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 9x00 :: UP-4106 Card Report Generator Pgm 1966
Topics: field, program, indicator, specifications, univac, indicators, generator, record, output, report...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: an uyk-7 :: PX5652E AN UYK-7 Technical Description Feb73
Topics: interrupt, memory, ioc, instruction, address, processor, control, indirect, jump, control memory,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: dms1100 :: UP-7992 DMS 1100 DML Programmer Ref 1973
Topics: record, error, univac, clause, schema, dml, occurrence, command, current, revision, current record,...
The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1103 :: PX23 1103A sysMaint Feb57
Topics: test, jump, error, address, compare, instruction, voltage, check, subroutine, magnetic, test table,...
The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac3 :: UnivacIII spec Nov1960
Topics: iii, indicator, instruction, memory, tape, uniservo, error, synchronizer, univac, interrupt, univac...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: 7004 4623-010 System80 OS3 Job-Control ProgGuide Nov91
Topics: job, control, file, statement, parameter, jproc, dvc, device, lfd, stream, job control, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 9x00 :: UP-7572rev1 9200 9300 Pocket Card
Topics: syn, branch, code, hexadecimal, ascii, byte, psc, dlt, decimal, characters, syn syn, left side,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: military :: ntds :: NTDS Development Case Study Jan64
Topics: ntds, program, nel, technical, engineering, development, systems, data, computer, remington,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: System80 OS3 TPS Vol2 7002 3999-100
Topics: file, program, record, terminal, data, transaction, files, control, field, error, job control, copy...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: exec :: UP-8118.2-A CTS Programming Guide Jan88
Topics: cts, command, file, program, assume, univac, subroutine, users, element, sharing, time sharing, cts...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: terminals :: UTS 400 :: UP-8359 UTS 400 Programmers Reference Feb81
Topics: uts, host, processor, peripheral, etx, terminal, bcc, message, user, character, host processor, etx...
The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1107 :: UT-2463 CPU Nov61
Topics: skip, contents, instruction, execution, operation, arithmetic, jump, designator, mnemonic,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: fileComputer :: SPTM4287 FileComputerOperPrincps Jan56
Topics: unit, channel, step, storage, drum, input, search, program, record, selector, unit record, channel...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: UP-7893 docSummarySep1973
Topics: sli, prog, univac, system, update, package, software, processor, description, orderable, update...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac1 :: AdvancedPgming Course003
Topics: block, tape, output, input, transfer, control, routine, item, breakpoint, scp, transfer control,...
The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: UNIVAC
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: univac3 :: UP-3853D UTMOST Dec64
Topics: iii, utmost, univac, word, instruction, label, data, program, tape, control, iii utmost, univac...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: uss :: Univac7900Vol1a
Topics: magnetic, basic, revision, switch, gen, circuits, bbtrlat, system, basic system, magnetic tape,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 9x00 :: UP-4092 Card Assembler 1966
Topics: assembler, macro, operand, univac, program, instruction, entry, code, symbol, card assembler, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: 1100 :: datapro :: 70C-846MM-30 8701 Unisys 1100 70
Topics: disk, processor, data, system, storage, interface, includes, control, uniservo, model, block...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. univac :: system80 :: 7004 4508-000 System80 OS3 DDP ProgGuide Apr91
Topics: ddp, file, program, host, command, remote, surrogate, data, primary, facility, surrogate program,...